Grammar: MUCH / MANY / FEW / LITTLE

quantity

1. When do we use much and when many?

Both of these words are used in Questions and Negatives. Do not use these words with Affirmative verbs.

  • much: uncountable nouns (milk, marmalade, money, time etc.)
  • many: countable nouns (bottles of milk, jars of marmalade, dollars, minutes etc.)

Examples:

  • How much money have you got?
  • How many dollars have you got?

 

This sentence is not correct: There is much water in the sea

You can use MANY with an affirmative verb, but you cannot use MUCH.

MUCH is only correct in Questions and Negatives.


2. When do we use a little/little and when a few/few?

  • a little: non countable nouns (milk, marmalade, money, time etc.)
  • a few: countable nouns (bottles of milk, jars of marmalade, dollars, minutes etc.)

Examples:

  • He has a little money left.
  • He has a few dollars left.

We use few and little without the article a to point out a negative meaning.

Examples:

  • A few students of our school know this. (There are some student who know it.)
  • Few students know this. (It is almost unkonown.)