Category: Grammar Explanation

nounadjective

Noun As Adjective

As you know, a noun is a person, place or thing, and an adjective is a word that describes a noun: adjective noun clever teacher small office black horse   Sometimes we use a...

waiting

Grammar: Describing Time

FOR “For” is used in time expressions to talk about the duration of an action. “I have worked in this company for 11 years”. It doesn’t matter if you don’t have information on the...

quantity

MUCH / MANY / FEW / LITTLE

1. When do we use much and when many? Both of these words are used in Questions and Negatives. Do not use these words with Affirmative verbs. much: uncountable nouns (milk, marmalade, money, time...

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Especially or specially?

Especially and specially are adverbs. Especially means ‘particularly’ or ‘above all’: She loves flowers, especially roses. I am especially grateful to all my family and friends who supported me. Not: Especially I am …...

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Unreal Conditionals

We use this kind of conditional when we talk about something that is not real: either something that is impossible or something that is imaginary or very unlikely. We move the tenses back one...

garfield_second_conditional

Conditionals Explained In Depth

A conditional is made up of two parts: the “if-clause” and the “main clause”. We can put either one first and it doesn’t change the meaning. We usually use a comma when we put the...

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Modal Verbs: Would

“Would” (pronounced “wood”) is most commonly used to create conditional verb forms. It also serves as the past form of the modal verb “will.” Additionally, “would” can indicate repetition in the past (although “used...

comparative_and_superlative

Adjectives: Comparatives & Superlatives

  There are two groups of rules we need to study when we make comparative and superlative adjectives in English. We need to ask two important questions: How many syllables are in the adjective? 1, 2,...

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Present Perfect Simple

The Present Perfect (Simple) is a past tense – it is used to describe actions that started in the past, and still effect the present. The auxiliary verb is to have, and it is used with...

The-passive-voice

Grammar: Passive Voice

The passive voice is used when the person who does the action (the subject) is not known, or when we want to emphasise a situation from a different perspective. “Penguins attacked my sister“ is...