Adjectives: Comparatives & Superlatives

comparative_and_superlative

compsup2

 

There are two groups of rules we need to study when we make comparative and superlative adjectives in English. We need to ask two important questions:

  • How many syllables are in the adjective? 1, 2, or more?
  • Does the adjective end in a -y?

 

 

 


 

num-1Group One

  • 1 Syllable
  • 2 Syllables with -Y
1 SYLLABLE 2 SYLLABLE (WITH -Y)
  1. Dry (seco)
  2. Big
  3. Tall
  4. Blue
  5. Green
  1. Happy
  2. Sunny
  3. Easy
  4. Ready
  5. Thirsty

 

If we want to form the COMPARATIVE with Group 1 we add -ER to the base form:

  • taller
  • bluer
  • greener.

To make a SUPERLATIVE with Group 1, we add the word THE before, and -EST to the adjective:

  • the tallest
  • the bluest
  • the greenest

 


 

num-2Group Two

  • 2 Syllables (without -Y ending)
  • Long Adjectives (3 or more syllables)
2 SYLLABLES (WITHOUT -Y) LONG (3+ SYLLABLES)
  1. Yellow
  2. Stupid
  3. Crowded
  4. Spanish
  5. Cooked
  1. Intelligent
  2. Amazing
  3. Beautiful
  4. Complicated
  5. Delicious

 

If we want to form the COMPARATIVE with Group 2 we add the word MORE before the adjective:

  • more intelligent
  • more crowded
  • more complicated

To make the SUPERLATIVE with Group 2 we add the words THE MOST before the base adjective:

  • the most intelligent
  • the most crowded
  • the most amazing

 

Some impòrtant irregular adjectives:

  • good > better > best
  • bad > worse > worst
  • far > further > furthest

 

Two more important rules with Group 1 adjectives

If the adjective ends with CONSONANT, VOWEL, CONSONANT, we double the last letter before we add -ER or -EST:

Big > Bigger > Biggest

If the last letter in the base form is -Y, we change it to -I before we add -ER or -EST:

Happy > Happier > Happiest


Some Exercises

Comparatives